42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7b. Criminal penalties for acts involving Federal health care programs

(a) Making or causing to be made false statements or representations.

Whoever--

(b) Illegal remunerations.

(c) False statements or representations with respect to condition or operation of institutions.

Whoever knowingly and willfully makes or causes to be made, or induces or seeks to induce the making of, any false statement or representation of a material fact with respect to the conditions or operation of any institution, facility, or entity in order that such institution, facility, or entity may qualify (either upon initial certification or upon recertification) as a hospital, critical access hospital, skilled nursing facility, nursing facility, intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded, home health agency, or other entity (including an eligible organization under section 1876(b) [42 U.S.C. § 1395mm(b)]) for which certification is required under title XVIII [42 U.S.C. §§ 1395 et seq.] or a State health care program (as defined in section 1128(h) [42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7(h)]), or with respect to information required to be provided under section 1124A [42 U.S.C. § 1320a-3a], shall be guilty of a felony and upon conviction thereof shall be fined not more than $25,000 or imprisoned for not more than five years, or both.

(d) Illegal patient admittance and retention practices.

Whoever knowingly and willfully--

shall be guilty of a felony and upon conviction thereof shall be fined not more than $25,000 or imprisoned for not more than five years, or both.

(e) Violation of assignment terms. Whoever accepts assignments described in section 1842(b)(3)(B)(ii) [42 U.S.C. § 1395u(b)(3)(B)(ii)] or agrees to be a participating physician or supplier under section 1842(h)(1) [42 U.S.C. § 1395a(h)(1)] and knowingly, willfully, and repeatedly violates the term of such assignments or agreement, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be fined not more than $2,000 or imprisoned for not more than six months, or both.

(f) Federal health care program defined. For purposes of this section, the term "Federal health care program" means--